The UK’s Windrush generation: What’s the scandal about?

UK Prime Minister Theresa May has apologised to 12 Caribbean nations for the treatment of people from the so-called “Windrush generation”.

On Tuesday, May told leaders and diplomats attending a summit of Commonwealth heads of government in London that she was “genuinely sorry for any anxiety that has been caused”.

Her statement came amid a scandal over the treatment of immigrants who arrived in the UK after the World War II to address labour shortages.

When May was home secretary in 2012, she introduced strict new rules which required employers, health services and landlords to demand evidence of people’s immigration status.

Here’s what you need to know.

What is the Windrush generation?
The Windrush generation refers to the immigrants who were invited to the UK between 1948 and 1971 from Caribbean countries such as Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago and Barbados.

The name derives from the ship MV Empire Windrush, which on June 22, 1948, docked in Tilbury, Essex, bringing nearly 500 Jamaicans to the UK.

The immigrants came at the invitation of the British government, which was facing a labour shortage due to the destruction caused by World War II.

The 1971 Immigration Act gave Commonwealth citizens who were already living in the UK indefinite leave to remain.

What is happening to them?
A scandal over the treatment of members of the Windrush generation has been mounting in recent months as a multitude of reports have come out about mostly elderly people being denied services, losing their jobs and even facing deportation.

Many of the Windrush generation had arrived as children on their parents’ passports. And although they have lived in Britain for many decades – paying taxes and insurance – they never formally became British citizens.

Amid the tightening of the immigration rules, an estimated 50,000 long-term UK residents could now be facing problems.

Among them is Michael Braithwaite, who arrived from Barbados when he was nine, more than 50 years ago.

Thinking that he was British, Braithwaite never applied for a passport and did not realise there was a problem with his immigration status until 2016. In 2017, he lost his job at a school where he had worked for more than 15 years.

“If I was deported, I don’t know what I would do. To take someone out and just throw them out, like they had no worth,” Braithwaite told Al Jazeera.

“It’s about worth, what you’ve done to help Britain be the better place that it was.”

In recent months, the British media has been reporting about a growing number of similar cases.

In late November, The Guardian reported that Paulette Wilson, 61, spent a week at a detention centre and was nearly deported to Jamaica, despite having been in Britain for 50 years.

Albert Thompson (not his real name), 63, was also reported to have been denied free cancer treatment through the British publicly funded National Health Service (NHS) for failing to provide evidence that he had lived in the UK since 1973.

What has the reaction been?
Last Thursday, Caribbean diplomats called on the UK to resolve the issues faced by the Windrush generation.

“I am dismayed that people who gave their all to Britain could be seemingly discarded so matter-of-factly,” The Guardian quoted Guy Hewitt, Barbados high commissioner to the UK, as saying.

On Monday, David Lammy, an opposition member of the UK parliament, launched a scathing critique of the government, telling parliamentarians it was a “day of shame”.

“It is inhumane and cruel for so many of that Windrush generation to have suffered so long in this condition,” he said.

A petition asking the government to give “amnesty” to minors who arrived in Britain between 1948 and 1971 had gathered more than 165,000 signatures by Wednesday morning.

How has the UK government responded?
On Monday, UK Home Secretary Amber Rudd apologised for the “appalling” treatment received by some of the Windrush generation.

“I am concerned that the Home Office has become too concerned with policy and strategy and sometimes loses sight of the individual,” she told the British parliament.

Rudd also announced the creation of a new team tasked with helping long-term UK residents born in the Commonwealth prove they are entitled to stay. She said she was “not aware of any person being removed” and vowed to find out from High Commissioners of the Commonwealth countries.

May issued her apology to the Caribbean leaders after initially refusing to discuss the controversy with them.

“I want to dispel any impression that my government is in any sense clamping down on Commonwealth citizens, particularly those from the Caribbean who have built a life here,” she told them.

Those attending the meeting included representatives from Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago. SOURCE :

More strokes are now occurring at an earlier age

MORE FIRST time strokes are now occurring at an earlier age compared to a decade ago and black people are at a greater risk of experiencing a stroke at a significantly younger age.

Public Health England’s statistics show that over a third (38%) of first time strokes happen in middle aged adults (between the ages of 40 – 69).

Stroke survivor, Richard Djan-Krofa had a stroke in his late thirties.

Djan-Krofa said: “When I had a stroke I had no idea what was happening to me, I didn’t know much about stroke back then. Also, I thought only older people have strokes, I was young, leading a healthy lifestyle – I don’t smoke or drink and there was no history of stroke in my family.”

Recounting his experience, Djan-Krofa said: “One morning I was just about to drive my son to school when I felt dizzy. As we were leaving, I could hear my brother calling me but I couldn’t respond, the dizziness got worse and my face had fallen on one side. Before I realised what was happening I collapsed on the floor but I didn’t feel any pain.

“Thankfully my dad recognised the symptoms and called 999. I was admitted to hospital and was treated within an hour of having a stroke.”

The stroke had a significant impact on Djan-Krofa’s physical health. “Stroke is a serious disease. I lost my speech completely for five months and my whole body was paralysed for some weeks. I spent four months in a rehabilitation centre where most of my time was spent on speech therapy,” he said.

Djan-Krofa made a good recovery and was able to return back to work just six months after having a stroke.

At the time he wasn’t aware that black people were at a higher risk of stroke and were more likely to have a stroke at a younger age than their white peers. Neither did he know how important it was to act fast when you notice any one the signs of stroke.

Now he strongly advocates the importance for everyone to be aware of the signs of stroke and to act fast. He said that because of the the heightened risk within the black community, we need to be more aware of the signs of stroke – facial weakness, arm weakness and slurred speech (the signs that inspired the NHS Stroke campaign’s FAST acronym).

Calling 999 as soon as a person begins to display any one of the stroke signs is essential. Speedy treatment can help prevent deaths and disability.

Djan-Krofa said: “Stroke is still one of the leading causes of death in England. It’s often associated with older people, however, the latest research from Public Health England and my story shows that people are having strokes at a younger age. Everyone needs to be aware of the signs.” SOURCE :

Trinidad and Tobago make history at Commonwealth Games

DAY FIVE of the Commonwealth Games 2018 has seen a victory for Michelle-Lee Ahye who is the first female athlete from Trinidad and Tobago to win gold.

As she crossed the finishing line at 11.14 second, Ayhe, who was Trinidad and Tobago’s flag bearer in last Wednesday’s opening ceremony, punched the air as she celebrated the 100m title win.

She told news reporters: “My coach said execute first and then run your race, and I did exactly that. I just stayed calm and did what I had to do”.

She came first to Jamaica’s Christania Williams who has claimed silver ahead of team-mate, Gayon Evans and British athlete Asha Philip who finished in fourth place. The women’s race saw six of the eight competitors come from the two Caribbean nations.

In the men’s 100 meter race, South Africa dominated both its gold and silver titles as Akani Simbine took first place at 10.03 seconds with Henricho Bruintjies closely behind.

In third place, Jamaican athlete Yohan Blake was off to a poor start and took home the bronze medal at 10.19 seconds. He said: “I’m a bit disappointed because I’ve been feeling good, I’ve been running good and I just didn’t put the start together so I was all over the place. It was just a bad race for me”. source :

Fabolous Facing Up To 10 Years In Prison

More details have emerged about the charges against Fab.

On Thursday Fabolous turned himself in after it was reported he allegedly hit his girlfriend, Emily Bustamante, but according to court documents obtained by, the rap star punched her in the face seven times, knocking out two front teeth.

The 40-year-old rapper, whose real name is John David Jackson, was officially charged with aggravated assault and making a terroristic threat.

According to, Fabolous was mad when he found out through Instagram that Emily B was in Los Angeles while he was there on business March 7. Court documents state that Fabolous “became enraged” and threatened Emily B through several texts saying that he wanted to hit her in the head with a bat, but he “did not want to go out like that.” He also allegedly said he wanted to kill her.
Emily B said later to police that Fabolous punched her in the head seven times and in the face, “causing severe damage to her two front teeth,” according to the docs. She also reportedly lost those two front teeth in the brutal attack.
The docs also stated that Emily B had her dad and brothers come to her home to remove some guns before Fabolous got there. When he realized the guns were missing, he then threatened to put a bullet in her dad and brother, which resulted in the terroristic threat charge against the rapper.

Fabolous and Bustamante has had an on again and off again relationship over the years. The couple has two children together and Fab has come under fire from fans for years for not marrying the long-suffering Bustamante.
Bustamante has been silent on social media following the incident and deleted a selfie that she posted before the incident.
Fabolous, however, has since posted to his Instagram story that “Your strongest enemy’s the one who knows your weak spot.
According to TMZ, the rapper turned himself in to Englewood, N.J. police on Thursday.source :

Anti-apartheid campaigner Winnie Mandela dies, aged 81

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, who was married to the late Nelson Mandela, has died after a long illness, her family confirm.
19:13, UK,
Monday 02 April 2018
Winnie and Nelson Mandela on his release from prison

The South African anti-apartheid campaigner Winnie Madikizela-Mandela has died, aged 81, her personal assistant confirmed.

Her family said she died “peacefully” after a long illness.

They said the former wife of the late Nelson Mandela had been “in and out of hospital since the start of the year”.

Winnie Madikizela Mandela, ex-wife of former South African president Nelson Mandela
In a statement, her family said: “Mrs Madikizela-Mandela was one of the greatest icons of the struggle against apartheid. She fought valiantly against the apartheid state and sacrificed her life for the freedom of the country.

“Her activism and resistance to apartheid landed her in jail on numerous occasions‚ eventually causing her banishment to the small town of Brandfort in the then Orange Free State.

Winnie Mandela has died aged 81
“She kept the memory of her imprisoned husband Nelson Mandela alive during his years on Robben Island and helped give the Struggle for justice in South Africa one its most recognisable faces.

“She dedicated most of her adult life to the cause of the people and for this was known far and wide as the Mother Of The Nation.”

They urged supporters to celebrate the gift of her life.

Although she suffered with bad health this year, she still attended her church’s Good Friday service, and campaigned with ANC president Cyril Ramaphosa during a voter registration drive last month.

Tributes have been paid across the world following Mrs Madikizela-Mandela’s death, while South African politicians have been arriving at her Soweto home to pay their respects.

Controversial life of Winnie Mandela
Retired South African archbishop and Nobel laureate Desmond Tutu led the tributes, saying said she was “a defining symbol of the struggle against apartheid”.

“She refused to be bowed by the imprisonment of her husband, the perpetual harassment of her family by security forces, detentions, bannings and banishment,” he said.

“Her courageous defiance was deeply inspirational to me, and to generations of activists.”

Labour peer Peter Hain, who was born in South Africa and was a leading figure in the British anti-apartheid movement, tweeted his support for Winnie.

She suffered so much bringing up her two girls when @NelsonMandela was in prison: beaten up banned banished to remote Brandfort harassed imprisoned. Fearless defiant in face apartheid state. Remember that when correctly criticising her rogue later life @brankobrkic @guardian …

New South African president Cyril Ramaphosa described her as the “voice of defiance”.

Mrs Madikizela-Mandela was married to Nelson Mandela for nearly four decades until 1996.

He spent much of their marriage in prison, and she campaigned tirelessly for his release, eventually securing on 11 February 1990.

Nelson Mandela congratulates Winnie in 1994 after she was elected at the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress (ANC)
Nelson Mandela congratulates Winnie in 1994 after she was elected at the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress (ANC)
Mrs Madikizela-Mandela was convicted in 1991 of killing an activist named Stompie Seipei who was found near her home with his throat cut.

She was sentenced to six years in prison, but it was reduced on appeal.

The couple separated in 1992, and he sacked her from his cabinet three years later after allegations of corruption. She took her new surname, Madikizela-Mandela, after their divorce.

She built her own role as a grassroots activist, completing university at a time when very few black women in South Africa did so, and was politicised by her work as a social worker in a Johannesburg hospital.

Despite controversy and convictions, she was able to rehabilitate her political career, winning a seat in the 2009 elections.

She once accused her former husband of agreeing to a “bad deal for the blacks” but was a regular visitor to his bedside and even with him when he died.

Mrs Madikizela-Mandela and Mr Mandela had two daughters.

British actor Idris Elba tweeted: “Rest in peace Mama Winnie. My heart is heavy right now. You lived a full and important life contributing to the liberation of a nation by force and ACTUAL ACTIVISM. You will never be forgotten.”source :